scratch

scratch1 [ skrætʃ ] verb *
▸ 1 rub with your nails
▸ 2 damage surface
▸ 3 produce noise
▸ 4 remove someone/something
▸ 5 decide not to do something
▸ 6 write something quickly
▸ + PHRASES
1. ) intransitive or transitive to pull your nails along your skin, especially because you have an ITCH that makes you want to do this:
Stop scratching!
Scratch my back for me, will you.
2. ) transitive to cut someone's skin slightly with something sharp:
Don't worry; the cat won't scratch you.
The tree's branches had scratched his hands and they were bleeding.
a ) to damage a surface by marking it with something sharp or rough:
Someone's scratched my car door.
3. ) intransitive or transitive to move something sharp against a hard surface and make a noise:
scratch at: I could hear the dog scratching at the back door.
a ) intransitive to produce new sounds by moving a record backward and forward quickly with your hand while the STYLUS is resting on the record
4. ) transitive to remove something, for example a word from a sentence or something from a list
a ) to remove someone from a race before it begins
5. ) transitive INFORMAL to decide not to continue with something such as a plan or project
6. ) transitive INFORMAL to write something very quickly and carelessly
scratch someone's eyes out INFORMAL
to fight or argue with someone in a very angry and cruel way
scratch your head
to not understand something or not know how to deal with it:
The decision has left many party members scratching their heads.
scratch a living
to manage to earn only just enough money to live:
The farmer somehow managed to scratch a living from the arid land.
scratch the surface
to deal with only the simple or obvious parts of something:
We had only really scratched the surface of this fascinating country.
you scratch my back (and I'll scratch yours)
used for saying that two people each do something to help the other
╾ scratched adjective:
a badly scratched CD
,scratch a`round for phrasal verb transitive
scratch around for something to try to find something by looking everywhere, even in places you would prefer not to look in
,scratch `out phrasal verb transitive
to remove a word from a sentence or something from a list by drawing a line through it
scratch
scratch 2 [ skrætʃ ] noun *
1. ) count a cut on the surface of your skin:
Don't worry. It's just a scratch.
a ) count a thin mark on a surface:
There were some nasty scratches on the paintwork.
b ) singular used for emphasizing that someone is not hurt at all or something is not damaged at all:
Fortunately I walked away from the accident without a scratch.
a used car that doesn't have a scratch on it
2. ) count a sound made by moving something sharp or rough against a hard surface:
We heard the scratch of a cat's claws against a tree.
3. ) count usually singular the action of pulling your nails along your skin
from scratch
1. ) from a point where nothing has been done, so you have to do everything yourself:
It took only three years to write it from scratch.
2. ) from the beginning again, not using all the work you have done before:
We'll have to do the whole thing again from scratch.
up to scratch INFORMAL
good enough:
The hotels they recommended weren't up to scratch.
scratch
scratch 3 [ skrætʃ ] adjective
1. ) a scratch player is one who does not have a HANDICAP
2. ) a scratch team or game is one that is organized quickly using any players who are available

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scratch — [ skratʃ ] adj. inv. • 1854; mot angl. « rail, ligne de départ » ♦ Anglic. Autom. Temps, classement scratch : meilleur temps ou classement toutes catégories. ● scratch adjectif invariable (anglais scratch, marque) Au golf, se dit d un joueur qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Scratch — may refer to:MusicRecordings* Scratch (album), by Kaela Kimura * Scratch (soundtrack), the soundtrack to the film Scratch * Peter Gabriel (1978 album), a self titled album often referred to as Scratch * Scratch, a song by Morphine on the album… …   Wikipedia

  • Scratch — Scratch, скретч: Скретч  звуковой эффект, получаемый ручным продёргиванием звуковой дорожки грампластинки или магнитной ленты при воспроизведении; также, звуковой эффект при игре на гитаре, получаемый при скольжении по обмотке струн пальцев… …   Википедия

  • scratch — ► VERB 1) make a long mark or wound on (a surface) with something sharp or pointed. 2) rub (a part of one s body) with one s fingernails to relieve itching. 3) (of a bird or mammal) rake the ground with the beak or claws in search of food. 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • scratch — [skrach] vt. [LME scracchen, prob. altered < scratten, to scratch, based on cracchen < or akin to MDu cratsen, to scratch < IE base * gred > Alb gërüj, (I) scratch] 1. to mark, break, or cut the surface of slightly with something… …   English World dictionary

  • Scratch — Scratch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scratched}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scratching}.] [OE. cracchen (perhaps influenced by OE. scratten to scratch); cf. OHG. chrazz[=o]n, G. kratzen, OD. kratsen, kretsen, D. krassen, Sw. kratsa to scrape, kratta to rake, to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — Scratch, n. 1. A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision. [1913 Webster] The coarse file . . . makes deep scratches in the work. Moxon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scratch — (engl.: Kratzer, Schramme) bezeichnet: Scratchen oder Scratching, das bewegen einer Schallplatte durch einen DJ Scratch (Bahnradsport), eine Disziplin im Bahnradsport Scratch (Programmiersprache), eine visuelle Programmiersprache Scratch building …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • scratch — scratch; scratch·able; scratch·brush·er; scratch·er; scratch·i·ly; scratch·i·ness; scratch·ings; scratch·less; …   English syllables

  • Scratch — Scratch, a. Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Scratch race} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scratch — [skrætʃ] <Adv.> [engl., zu scratch = hinterste Startlinie bei Handicaprennen] (Golf): ohne Vorgabe: er spielt s. * * * Scratch   [englisch/amerikanisch, skrætʃ; wörtlich »zerkratzen, streichen«], 1) kurzer, sofort abgedämpfter… …   Universal-Lexikon

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